The CIA's role in drug trafficking into the United States has been the subject of many magazine and newspaper articles, books, testimony given to Congressional committees in closed-door hearings, and work-place conversation among CIA personnel. Movies and television documentaries have been made on the subject, and many books and articles have been written describing some particular phase of the operation. Yet, most Americans are oblivious to this serious misconduct or its far-flung implications. The DEA's drug trafficking has received little attention.

One of the first books linking the CIA to drug trafficking was Alfred McCoy's(301) The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia,(302) published in 1972, and his heavily documented 1991 update, The Politics of Heroin-CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade.(303) The author is a professor of Southeast Asian history at the University of Wisconsin, at Madison. Some of the books written about CIA drug trafficking were written by people who were part of the operation, including pilots.

Professor McCoy started investigating the drug trafficking in the 1950s, questioning people in all phases of the drug culture from the growers to the end users. He spent considerable time in Southeast Asia and throughout the world obtaining first-hand knowledge of the drug trade. He describes how CIA helicopters, supposedly fighting communists in Vietnam, were hauling drugs from the fields to distribution points, including drugs for the American GIs. He described the role of the Pepsi-Cola bottling plant in the drug trafficking, and how the U.S. media kept the lid on the mushrooming operation.

McCoy describes the pressure put upon the media by the CIA to halt his book. He describes the many people who testified in closed-door congressional hearings for the past twenty years, leaving no doubt that the CIA was involved and primarily responsible for the drug scourge in the United States.

McCoy described giving testimony in 1972 to congressional committees, including Senator William Proxmire, about the CIA role in the developing global narcotic trade. He describes how members of Congress enthusiastically accepted the CIA's denial of any role in drug trafficking, despite the overwhelming evidence of its existence.

Terry Reed, a CIA asset, and co-author John Cummings, wrote an excellent book in 1994 on drug trafficking and the CIA's role in it: Compromised: Clinton, Bush and the CIA.(304) Reed, a former U.S. Air Force Intelligence Officer, a successful businessman specializing in advanced computer-controlled manufacturing, was recruited by the CIA to start up a CIA proprietary in Mexico. The business was to be a high technology trading and consulting firm, but developed into a CIA gun-running and drug operation.

Reed worked closely with key figures in the National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency, including Oliver North and Felix Rodriguez, unaware of their involvement in a massive drug trafficking operation. Reed discovered that the CIA was misusing the company that he set up in Mexico as a CIA proprietary. In July 1987 he discovered the CIA was shipping large quantities of drugs through the company, and he wanted out. Fearing for the safety of his wife and three sons, and himself, Reed notified his CIA handlers that he was returning to Arkansas. The CIA saw him as a threat.

Using typical attorney tactics, the CIA, through the Justice Department and its control over state police agencies, in this case Governor Bill Clinton's Arkansas, charged the Reeds with engaging in drug trafficking, when in fact it was the CIA.


Working in unison with prosecutors and officials in the United States Department of Justice and with police agencies in Arkansas (while Bill Clinton was governor), sham charges were filed against Reed, claiming that he had fraudulently reported his plane as having been stolen. He was charged with mail fraud, an all-encompassing criminal statute. The prosecutors charged Reed's wife, Janis, with conspiracy, seeking to force Reed to plead guilty, at which time he would go to prison and charges would be dropped against her.

For three years the Reeds had to fight Justice Department attorneys and Governor Bill Clinton's police agencies and chief of security, Raymond Young. Clinton's state police officials engaged in a steady pattern of lies, forged documents, perjured testimony, seeking to put Terry and Janis Reed in prison, thereby silencing or discrediting their knowledge of CIA drug trafficking. Massed against the Reeds were the FBI, the CIA, Governor Bill Clinton's law enforcement agencies. and especially Clinton's close associate, Raymond Young. The perjurers had government-granted immunity for their lying under oath.

Reed describes how U.S. District Judge Frank Theis blocked their defenses, and dismissed evidence showing the sham nature of the charges as irrelevant.

In his book, Reed described the role played by George Bush and Bill Clinton in the drug trafficking. Reed describes the coverup and disinformation by Time magazine. (I also discovered the coverup (i.e., obstruction of justice) by Time and other magazines and newspapers.)

Another DEA whistleblower exposed the DEA and CIA role in America's drug crisis. A twenty-five-year veteran of the Drug Enforcement Administration (and prior drug agencies), Michael Levine, authored a 1993 book(305) exposing the drug trafficking sanctioned by federal officials throughout the federal government. The former DEA agent wrote that the so-called war on drugs is the "biggest, whitest, and deadliest lie ever perpetrated on U.S. citizens by their government." He described how the CIA, the DEA, and other "intelligence" agencies, blocked investigations and prosecution of high-level drug traffickers. Levine described how the CIA was primarily responsible for the drug epidemic as seen from his perspective.

False charges were filed by DEA management against Levine when he persisted in reporting the drug trafficking, reminding me of what I went through as a federal investigator determined to expose the corruption that I found in the Federal Aviation Administration. In the FAA, when I reported the air safety corruption (as other inspectors had done) that played a major role in a series of brutal air disasters, and which exposed the criminality of United Airlines and FAA personnel, a series of petty retaliatory acts were taken against me. DEA management did the same to Levine when he persisted in reporting the drug trafficking by high-level drug traffickers, which exposed the CIA role in this activity.

Levine repeatedly discovered CIA links to the drug trafficking while he was a DEA agent, enlarging upon the evidence of drug trafficking that I had discovered during the past forty years. He discovered that the CIA was primarily responsible for the burgeoning drug activity from Central and South America into the United States, and that the biggest drug dealers are CIA assets. He described how federal judges and Justice Department prosecutors dramatically drop the amount of bail for high-level drug traffickers who are CIA assets and who have been accidentally charged, with the traffickers then fleeing the United States...

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